Paul Little is NIHR Senior Investigator and Professor of Primary Care Research at the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom
Primary Care in the United Kingdom
What do populations need?
Populations need equitable and efficient access to high-quality care, but such a statement reflects both cultural values and political context. The UK National Health Service (NHS) was launched in the early post-war years by the then minister of health, Mr. Aneurin Bevan, based on core principles: that it meet the needs of everyone; that it be free at the point of delivery; and that it be based on clinical need, not ability to pay. The NHS has been the centre of political debate since, and attempts to reform the NHS — particularly the market-based reforms starting in the 1990s — have been controversial. ...continue reading →
Baukje (Bo) Miedema is Professor and Director of Research at the Dalhousie University Family Medicine Teaching Unit and Adjunct Professor in the Sociology Department, University of New Brunswick
“The constitution” of primary health internationally, as a core component of the structure of health, care can be traced back to the Declaration of Alma-Ata (1978), even though its origins go much further back in time: 1941 in the Netherlands and 1948 in the United Kingdom. The Declaration states that governments have to be responsible for the health of their people. Primary health care is seen as an important vehicle to deliver health care to the population, and is defined as care that “addresses the main health problems in the community, providing promotive, preventative, curative and rehabilitative services accordingly.” The Declaration of Alma-Ata also states that by the year 2000 there should be “health for all.” ...continue reading →